The human body is controlled by the brain, which makes it the most integral part of the central nervous system which is also comprised of the spinal cord which form’s our neural-nervous system. Together, the nervous system and our neurons control everything from our senses to the muscles that run throughout the body.
If your brain is damaged, it can affect a variety of different things, including memory, sensation, and even your personality. Brain disorders include any conditions, disabilities or defects that affect the way in which your brain perceives reality. This includes conditions that are caused by:
- traumatic injury
This is a broad category of disorders, which vary greatly in symptoms and severity. Keep reading to learn about some of the largest categories of brain disorders.
What are the different types of brain disorders?
Most incidences of brain injuries are often caused by the effects of blunt-force trauma. This can seriously damage your brain tissue, neurons, and nerves which in turn could possibly cause you life-long side effects. These side effects include your brain’s ability to communicate with the rest of your body through the channel of your nervous system.
The most common examples of brain injuries include:
- Brain Haemorrhage
- Blood clot’s
- Brain aneurysm
What is a concussion?
A concussion is a mild traumatic brain injury. In most case’s this will occur following an impact made to your head or after any incidence that causes your brain and head to shake back and forth fairly quickly. A concussion often results in an altered state of mental confusion which some may call ‘seeing butterflies’. A serious concussion or a series of concussion’s in a short time span may result in the victim becoming completely unconscious.
If you participate in impact sports such as football or boxing, you have an increased risk of getting a concussion and especially so if you compete at the highest levels of your chosen sport. In saying that however, it most important to stress that anyone can become injured during a fall, car accident, or any other daily activity. Concussions are usually not life-threatening, but they can cause serious implication requiring an immediate medical response.
A stroke is an emergency condition in which there is a disruption of blood supply to part of the brain, leading to brain injury. A person experiencing a stroke might also have a sudden headache, confusion, dizziness, problems with communicating or problems with their vision. A stroke can often prove fatal if untreated instantaneously.
There are two types of stroke:
- Ischemic stroke: A blood clot in a blood vessel causes a blockage of blood flow
- Haemorrhagic stroke: A weakened blood vessel bursts, causing blood to leak into the brain.
A brain haemorrhage is when bleeding occurs in or around the brain either as a result of a serious concussion or following a significant blow to the head. It is also often called a haemorrhagic stroke or brain bleed.
Blood clots are a serious issue, as they can be life-threatening. According to a trusted source such as the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) an estimated 900,000 people in the United States are affected by this condition each year.
If a blood clot were to occurs in one of your veins or If you’re even slightly concerned that you might have one, call your doctor right away. Symptoms of blood clots can vary. In rarer instance’s It is also possible to have a blood clot with no symptoms.
Aneurysms have a variety of causes including high blood pressure and atherosclerosis, trauma, heredity, and abnormal blood flow at the junction where arteries come together.
There are other rare causes of aneurysms. Mycotic aneurysms are caused by infections of the artery wall. Tumor’s and trauma can also cause aneurysms to form. Drug abuse, especially cocaine, can cause the artery walls to inflame and weaken
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